Robinson Crusoe Island
Native name: Isla Robinson Crusoe
Archipelago: Juan Fernández Islands
Adjacent bodies of water: Pacific Ocean
Area: 47.94 km2 (18.51 sq mi)
Highest elevation: 915 m (3,002 ft)
Highest point: El Yunque
Population: 843 (2012)
Robinson Crusoe Island (Spanish: Isla Róbinson Crusoe pronounced [ˈizla ˈroβinson kɾuˈso]), formerly known as Más a Tierra (Closer to Land), is the second largest of the Juan Fernández Islands, situated 670 km (362 nmi; 416 mi) west of San Antonio, Chile, in the South Pacific Ocean. It is the more populous of the inhabited islands in the archipelago (the other being Alejandro Selkirk Island), with most of that in the town of San Juan Bautista at Cumberland Bay on the island’s north coast.
The island was home to the marooned sailor Alexander Selkirk from 1704 to 1709, and is thought to have inspired novelist Daniel Defoe’s fictional Robinson Crusoe in his 1719 novel about the character (although the novel is explicitly set in the Caribbean, not in the Juan Fernández Islands). This was just one of several survival stories from the period that Defoe would have been aware of. To reflect the literary lore associated with the island and attract tourists, the Chilean government renamed the place Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966.